The deflection factor ranges from 10 μV/div to 20 mV/div.
There are switch-selectable high-frequency and low-frequency cutoffs.
At 20 mV/div, the minimum low-frequency cutoff is 0.06 Hz and the maximum high-frequency cutoff is 300 kHz.
The common mode rejection ratio is 50,000:1 at frequencies below 10 kHz. The input impedance at each input is 10 MΩ in parallel with 100 pF. The common mode range is +/- 5 V.
The 2A61 has a line frequency filter that can be switched in our out of the signal path. It is specified to attenuate line-frequency signal components by at least 50:1.
The front end consists of a differential amplifier. Up to serial number 986, the front-end differential amplifier used a pair of 5842 tubes biased with a tail current of 10mA and a plate-to-cathode voltage of about 100V.
The parallel combination of V424 and V425 forms one side of the differential amplifier and the parallel combination of V524 and V525 forms the other side. However, for purposes of thermal stability, V424 is thermally connected to V524 and V425 is thermally connected to V525. The tail current in the 987-and-up version is about 16 mA and the nuvistors have a plate-to-cathode voltage of about 70V.
The second gain stage is a differential amplifier made of a pair of a pair of germanium PNP transistors. To implement the low-frequency cutoff, the 2A61 has a large electrolytic capacitor, C437 (13,000 μF or 20,000 μF depending on serial number), in the emitter frequency compensation network of the second differential amplifier stage.
Although C437 is polarized, it is operated with no DC bias and therefore sees reverse voltage as part of normal operation. D437 and D438 shunt C437, preventing it from ever seeing a voltage more than one diode drop. Most electrolytic capacitors are specified to handle reverse voltages of at least 1V without damage.
The 2A61 manual's calibration instructions recommend using the Heathkit IG-72 Audio Generator.