There are at least two kinds of sampling diodes used in the sampling gates of classic Tek gear, GaAs junction diodes and Schottky diodes. It is easy for these diodes to get destroyed by ESD. They are designed to have low capacitance, which means that a small amount of charge can produce a potentially damaging voltage across the diode.
If the output of a sampler has a large DC shift even with no input to the sampler (an external triggering), and does not respond to the DC offset control, it is possible that one or more sampling diodes could be damaged.
The original diodes are no longer available. When sampling diodes need replacement, there are two options. They can be scavenged from other gear or replacements can be improvised using modern parts. HP/Avago and now Broadcom makes integrated pairs and quads of high-speed Schottky diodes (e.g. HSMS-28xx series). These are a decent replacement for the original diodes.
Possible modern substitutes
|Type of Diode||Tek sampler||Measured rise time||Remarks|
|HSMS2822||4S1||320 ps||better than specification and very smooth trace|
|HSMS2822||S-2||120 ps||didn't match original specification|
|MMDL301||S-2||185 ps||high blow-by, not recommended|
|BAT17-04W||S-2||110 ps||didn't match original specification, but very smooth trace|
|BAT15-04W||S-2||70 ps||as specification , smooth trace|
|5082-2835||S-2||130 ps||didn't match original specification|
|BAT15-04W & BAT15-099||S-6||80 ps||didn't match original specification|
4S1 Sampling diode replaced by Avago HSMS2822
S-2 with BAT15-04
S-6 with BAT15-04W, glued on with Chinese conductive adhesive.