The Tektronix Type 545 is a 30MHz* scope that takes letter-series and 1-series plug-ins. It has two timebases, which allows delayed triggering.
Type 545 was introduced February 7th, 1955 along with the Type 541, and superseded in 1959 by the Type 545A, which was in turn superseded in 1964 by the Type 545B. The difference between the 545A and 545 is the control ergonomics, not any major circuit design changes.
545 and 545A Vertical Path
Types 545 and 545A have a six stage differential distributed vertical amplifier made of twelve 6DK6 tubes. The vertical amplifier used in the 545A is also used in the 551 and 555. The 545 uses the 154-098 CRT. With the limited CRT technology available at the time, the higher bandwidth of the 541 and 545 came with a tradeoff. The vertical scale is only 4 divisions, 2 above and 2 below the graticule center line. The lower bandwidth 531 and 535 retained the 6 vertical divisions, as used in most other Tektronix scopes. In the 545, the distributed vertical amplifier's plate supply was not separately fused. Shorting the outputs of the vertical amplifier to ground can cause major damage. In the 545A, there is a 150mA fuse, F1054, preventing such damage.
545B Vertical Path
The Type 545B differs significantly from the 545 and 545A. It has a partly solid-state, non-distributed vertical amp, and uses the 154-0478-00 CRT which is also used in the 544, 546, and 547. Improvements in CRT design, including reduced deflection plate capacitance and increased sensitivity increased the vertical scale in the 545B from 4 to 6 divisions. The improved CRT also uses a ceramic envelope, with flat glass faceplate that has internal graticule markings, eliminating parallax errors.
The trigger circuit used a 6DJ8 tube in the 545 and 545A. NPN transistors are used in the 545B trigger circuit.
Relationship of 545B to 547
Some feel that Type 547 replaced Type 545, but this is not quite true; Types 545B and 546/547 were introduced simultaneously. It is more correct to say that the 50MHz 546 and 547 were upgrades. (The Type 544 is likewise the upgrade for the 541.)
The Type 53K/54K plug-in was introduced with the 545 and 541, and until Type 53/54L came out in 1957, it was the only plug-in that could take full advantage of their bandwidth. There was never a full-speed dual-trace plug-in - that would wait until Types 1A1 and 1A2, which came out with the 545B.
Early 545 units have selenium rectifiers. Later units have silicon rectifiers.
There were also rack-mount versions. Types RM41 and RM45 were introduced in October 1957, Types RM41A and RM45A were introduced in May 1959 simultaneously with their bench counterparts, and the Type RM545B was introduced at the same time as Type 545B.
* 33MHz with a 50MHz plug-in such as Type 1A1.
- Tektronix 545 Manual (PDF)
- Tektronix 545A Manual (PDF)
- Tektronix 545B Manual (PDF)
- Tektronix 545 Calibration and Maintenance Procedure (PDF)
- Tektronix 535 and 545 Operators Handbook (PDF)
- Balancing the 540-Series Vertical Amplifier (PDF)
- 545 Factory Calibration Procedure (PDF)
- 545A Factory Calibration Procedure (January 1961, PDF)
- 545A Factory Calibration Procedure (July 1961, PDF)
- How to Adjust the Vertical Amplifier and Delay Line of a 540-Series Oscilloscope (PDF)