|Bandwidth||DC to 600 MHz plus 100 MHz and 20 MHz Bandwidth Limit Filters|
|Rise time||580 ps in 1 GHz mainframe such as the 11402, 11402A. 11403, 11403A, DSA601A, or DSA602A|
|Deflection||1 mV to 10 V per division in 1% calibrated steps|
|Input impedance||50 Ω|
Each input channel has a separate 50 Ω attenuator containing two ×10 attenuators, a skin effect correction network, an AC coupling capacitor, a signal pickoff for the input protection network and a switch selecting the calibrator or signal input. In normal operation the calibrator signal to the attenuator is instead connected to ground.
The signal output of each attenuator feeds a hybrid through a (blue) 50 Ω cable. The hybrid looks like packaged M377s found in other instruments. It contains a 50 Ω termination resistor, a diode bridge that protects the M377 from transients too fast for the input relay to react, and an M377 amplifier IC. The input signal is connected to the + input of the M377 amplifier. The cable lengths set a standard delay per plugin. The M377's − input is connected to the ACVS (Analog Control Voltage System) output located on a daughter board.
The (differential) display outputs of the two M377 amplifiers are hard-wired in parallel and drive the mainframe’s 50 Ω per side input impedance. The same is true of the trigger outputs of the two amplifiers.
The version of the M377 used in the 11A52 has a 100 Ω output impedance per side so that two of them in parallel create a source impedance of 50 Ω per side.
Each M377 amplifier's nominal common-mode output voltage is zero whether enabled or not. When not enabled, each M377 differential output is exactly zero by design. This fact is used during calibration by the plugin’s firmware to determine the mainframe’s imbalance and compensate for it during normal operation.
Each of the two channels has its own AUX output on dedicated pins of the plug-in interface connector:
|signal name||positive pin number||negative pin number|
See also the block diagram below.
The 11A52 is very similar to the 11A32. There are a few differences. The difference in bandwidth (600 MHz vs 400 MHz) is due almost entirely to the difference in input attenuators. The 11A52 50 Ω attenuator is passive and contains no amplifier. Additionally the 11A52's M377 sees a 25 Ω source impedance (a terminated 50 ohm transmission line). The 11A32's M377 is driven by the 50 Ω output impedance of the M474.
The 11A32 and 11A34 have only one transient response adjustment per channel. This adjustment affects the high frequency response of all six of the M377's fixed gain settings (1 mV div - 50 mV/ div). The 11A52 has the added luxury of a high frequency adjustment for each of the M377's six gain settings to optimize the response at each setting. These settings are manually set under computer control and stored in NVRAM. They need to be reset when the 11A52's NVRAM is replaced. The NVRAM's internal battery typically lasts 20 to 30 years.
If you care to write down the 11A52's twelve calibration constants while the NVRAM is still alive, you may simply enter them into the new NVRAM. If you do not write them down, you may observe the transient response and set the calibration constants also via a personal computer. Instructions for this are found at 11A-series plug-in NVRAM replacement.
The 11A32 and 11A34 and 11A52 were originally intended to use Intel 8052 microcontrollers. However, during development, the firmware swelled beyond that chip's 8192-byte maximum on-chip ROM size. Doug Haines found an alternate supplier of 8051-compatible chips (OKI Semiconductor) that offered a 16Kbyte on-chip ROM, and that's what the plug-ins wound up with. The finished code size wound up at about 14 KB.
In the 11A52, the digital output of the M94 overload detectors (one per channel) are received by the microprocessor. If overload is detected, software running in the microprocessor switches the input relay to remove the signal from the 50 Ω attenuator. This is in contrast to the 485, where the M94 directly controls the input relay.
During the 11A52's self-check, the M94 IC for each channel is tested. An analog switch injects test currents, positive and negative, into the summing junction at the input of each M94. The outputs are checked by the self-check software routine.
The 11A52 also contains a Dallas Semiconductor DS1220Y NVRAM storing last settings, calibration constants, and instrument serial number. The DS1220Y contains a battery with a typical life time of 20-30 years.
There is also an ACVS (Analog Control Voltage System) sample and hold module on a daughter board that generates the analog voltages needed for gain and offset, including error correction under microcontroller firmware control.
The microcontroller also provides the digital signals sent to the M377 amplifier, setting one of its six fixed gains, one of its three bandwidths, turning on or off its selected output, and each output's normal or invert state.
Digital mainframes do waveform manipulation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, etc.). Consequently only one 11A52 output is on at a time. Analog mainframes however allow more than one channel to be on at a time. This allows the plugin channels to be added or subtracted in the plugin.
front panel connections
signal relays, top
signal relays, bottom
Input Attenuators Schematic
Analog Control and Signal Amps
Custom ICs used in the 11A52
|Page||Model||Part nos||Description||Designers||Used in|
|155-0076-00||M94||155-0076-00||input protection and probe logic||John Addis • Wink Gross||465 • 485 • 7A29 • 7A29P • 11A52 • 11A71 • 11A72 • SCD1000|
|M377||M377||165-2129-03 • 165-2089-06 • 155-2089-05||amplifier||John Addis||11A16 • 11A32 • 11A33 • 11A34 • 11A52 • 2245 • 2245A • 2247 • 2247A • 2252 • TDS410 • TDS420 • TDS460 • TDS520D • TDS540D • TDS580D • TDS680C • TDS684C • TDS714L • TDS724D • TDS754D • TDS784D|