The Tektronix 519 is a high-speed oscilloscope made by Tektronix from 1961 until 1974. It was designed by Cliff Moulton, who also designed the Type 130 LC Meter.

Tektronix 519
1 GHz tube scope
Tek 519

Produced from 1961 to 1974

(All manuals in PDF format unless noted otherwise)

Key Specifications

Channels One vertical channel
Bandwidth DC to 1 GHz
Rise time < 0.35 ns
Deflection < 10 V/div, CRTs individually calibrated
Sweep 2 ns/div to 1 μs/div
CRT 154-356, 154-308 for serial numbers ≥1017
Input impedance 125 Ω
Power consumption 650 W


No Vertical Amplifier

The 519 is very unusual in that it does not contain vertical amplifiers. The input signal is passively connected to the distributed vertical deflection plates of the CRT, which are driven single-ended. This allows the scope to have 1 GHz bandwidth. The vertical deflection factor is approximately 10 V/cm.


The viewing area is two centimeters vertical, six centimeters horizontal. The spot diameter on the CRT is 0.1 mm, which corresponds to 100 mV at the input connector. Each CRT was individually characterized for risetime and deflection sensitivity and the precise value was written on the CRT and on the CRT bezel. For serial numbers 1016 and below, the CRT part number is 154-356. For serial numbers 1017 and up, the CRT part number is 154-308.

125 Ω Input Impedance

The input to the 519 has an impedance of 125 Ω. The input connector is a special 125 Ω GR-874 connector made by Tektronix that is neither electrically nor mechanically compatible with the much more common 50 Ω GR-874 connector. Tek made a resistive impedance matching adapter, the 017-053, which presents a 50 Ω input (but attenuates the signal).

Rigid Coax Delay Line

To allow viewing of the leading edge of pulses, there is a rigid coaxial 45 ns delay line between the input and the CRT.


Note that 45 nanoseconds is an unusually short delay. For comparison, the delay line in a 547 is 170 ns. Keeping the delay short minimizes degradation of fast pulses, but it necessitates a trigger and sweep circuit with quick response.

A 519 can also be used with a pretrigger pulse generator like the 111.

Trigger and Sweep

The sweep is triggered using a 20 mA, 4 pF tunnel diode. The horizontal deflection ramp signal of a 519 is generated by a 4CX250F external anode, radial-beam tube that is cooled by forced air sent from a blower through a duct.

The total accelerating voltage of the 519 is 24 kV.

The 519 contains a calibration step generator that produces voltage steps with 100 picosecond rise time, and a rate generator that generates pulses with 500 ps rise times. The step generator utilizes a charged line which is discharged through a reed relay, while the rate generator uses a transistor in avalanche configuration. The reed relay in the step generator is tuned in part by listening to it.

Unusual Physical Construction

The physical construction and styling of the 519 differs from that of the other Tek scopes of the same period. There are multiple reasons for this. First, it has an unusually long CRT. Also, the large 125 Ω coaxial delay line (seen in the photo) had to fit inside the cabinet.

Finally, the 519 has an extra-large power transformer and a large blower for the 4CX250 tube. The mass of these extra components necessitated a larger, sturdier cabinet than, for example, the 545. The sheet aluminum used in the case of the 519 is thicker than that of the other Tek scopes of the period. The 519 weighs 99 pounds and consumes 650 watts.

Different CRT Bezels

The 519 came with two different bezels. Pictured in Tek Catalog 20 through 26 is the early version which was actually a camera mount designed to be compatible with the C19 camera. It had a unique removable part with a graticule that could be slid down such that it would not be in between the CRT beam and the camera lens. Most of the non-used area of the CRT faceplate was covered by the black plastic material of the graticule cover. This graticule cover was changed slightly as is shown in the pictures of the 519 in Tek Catalogs 27 and later. It still was designed to mount the C19 camera. (For what reason was the bezel design changed?)

The 519 is probably the only Tek scope to come standard with a camera mount for a bezel. You had to buy camera mounting frames as accessories for the other scopes.


Early 519's in the '61-'66 period were calibrated in Plant 2 in a group managed by Bob Randall. Three of the men calibrating 519's in that period were Stan Griffiths, Dick Bellamy, and John A. (What is John's last name?) During this period, Cliff Moulton would visit the calibration operation to answer any questions that would arise as the scopes were being prepared for shipment to customers.

Later 519's were calibrated at Plant 2 Test-Final in a group managed by Jack Lyngdal. Two of the calibration people that worked there were Norm Jenkins and Jack. (What is Jack's last name?) Another man who calibrated 519's in this later period was Mark Balcom.

The distributed deflection plate delay network had to be hand-trimmed, which was done prior to putting it inside the CRT envelope. It is possible that this was done using a TDR.

519C: A 3 GHz Version of the 519

Tektronix Catalog 22 (mid'63-mid'64) refers to a modified (MOD 795) 519 with response extended to 3 GHz:

DC-to-3 GIGACYCLE OSCILLOSCOPE: This modified Type 519 Oscilloscope incorporates a coaxial-deflection crt to achieve a risetime of 0.13nsec, corresponding to a 3000-Mc bandwidth. Deflection factor is approximately 180v/cm. Usable viewing area is 2x4 cm. Consult your FE to learn about the advantages, limitations, and delivery time on this or other modified instruments."

A 1983 IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science paper includes a chart that mentions in Figure 10 the 3 GHz 519C introduced in 1963. The 519C was sold to Lawrence Livermore Labs and the Nuclear Test Site. The 519C uses the T5192 CRT.

The 519 came with a set of adapters performing various functions such as interfacing the 125 Ω input impedance of the 519 with the more common 50 Ω impedance of many cables and instruments. One example is the 017-0019-00.

See Also



Some Parts Used in the 519

Part Part Number(s) Class Description Used in
120-0186-00 120-0186-00 Discrete component power transformer 519
4CX250F 154-0300-00 Vacuum Tube (Tetrode) beam power tetrode 519
6DJ8 154-0187-00 154-0305-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual triode 111 132 161 310A 316 317 502 502A 503 504 506 515 516 519 526 529 RM529 533 535 536 543 544 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 555 556 561A 561S 564 565 567 581 581A 585 585A 661 1A4 1S1 60 2A60 63 2A63 67 2B67 3A1 3A1S 3A2 3A3 3A6 3A7 72 3A72 75 3A75 4S2 51 3B1 3B1S 3B2 3B3 3B4 3M1 3S76 3T77 3T77A 9A1 9A2 1121 80 81 82 86 B O W Z Telequipment D56 Telequipment S32A Telequipment D52 S-311 Telequipment TD51 Telequipment S52 Telequipment S51 Telequipment Type A TU-4
6G11 154-0660-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) double sharp cut-off beam power pentode 125 132 519 067-0502-01 050-0551-00
T5191 154-0356-00 154-0308-00 CRT 1 GHz CRT 519
T5192 CRT CRT 519