585

From TekWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Manuals – Specifications – Links – Pictures

The Tektronix 585 is a 100 MHz 580-Series scope that Tektronix introduced in 1959. The 581 is the same with a single timebase. The 585A facelift model was introduced in 1963 and discontinued after 1971.

The 58x series were the first Tek scopes with distributed deflection plates, the first Tek scopes to use a cross-wound continuous delay line, and the last with a distributed amplifier.

At 100 MHz (down-rated to 95 MHz in 1962 and 85 MHz for the 585A in 1963) with the Type 80 plug-in and up to 85 MHz with the dual-channel Type 82, they were the highest-speed general purpose scopes of Tek's tube scope era. (The 1 GHz 519 was specialized with no vertical amplifier.)

The 585's front panel layout is almost identical to the 545A that came out at the same time. The 585 also shares internal construction and circuits such as the power supply with the 535/545 line of scopes.

Specifications

Rise time 3.5 ns with Type 80 plugin and P80 probe
Timebase A 50 ns/Div to 2 s/Div, 1−2−5, variable ×2.5, magnifier ×5, single sweep; X input
Timebase B 2 μs/Div to 1 s/Div, 1−2−5, can delay timebase A by 1 μs to 10 s
CRT T581, distributed vertical deflection plates, 10 kV acceleration
Outputs A Sawtooth, A Gate, B Gate, Calibrator (0.2 mV to 100 Vp-p, 1−2−5)
Power 107−127 or 214−234 VAC, 50-60 Hz, 890 VA / 710 W
Dimensions (W/L/H) 330×610×432 mm³ (13"×24"×17")

585A differences

The 585A uses a tunnel-diode trigger circuit (see below), adds HF Sync and AC LF reject modes to the timebase A trigger selector, and adds a trace rotation coil.

Links

History

John Kobbe says:

Later on there was another special CRT designed with distributed vertical deflection for the 100 Megahertz 580 (well almost 100 MHz). The 580 was the first to, at least at Tek, to use a cross wound continuous signal delay line. The 580 used a similar horizontal system lifted from the 530’s which was too slow and insufficient writing rate. The active probe and plug in system left a lot to be desired. I wasn’t very proud of the 580 design as it was too compromised.

Internals

Plug-in Interface

The 585 uses 580-series plug-ins which look like letter-series and 1-series plug-ins but are electrically different. The main difference is the impedance of the signal that passes through the interface from the plug-in to the mainframe.

In 530/540/550-series scopes, the plug-in expects the mainframe to be a high impedance load, driving tube grids in the mainframe. The 580 Series plug-in interface, on the other hand, presents a differential transmission line input with an impedance of 93 Ω per side, going into the first distributed amplifier stage. The other end of this transmission line is returned to the plug-in for termination and biasing. The pin-out of the interface connector is also different, the 580-series pin-out being essentially flipped 180° from its 530/540/550 series counterparts (Signal Out is between pins 14 and 16 as opposed to between pins 1 and 3, etc.)

The Type 81 adapter allows the use of letter-series and 1-series plug-ins in a 585.

Trigger Circuit

The original 585 (up to serial number 1070) has an "A" trigger circuit that has a differential trigger amplifier made of a pair of 6EW6 miniature pentodes, followed by a Schmitt trigger made of a pair of miniature dual triode tubes.

Starting at serial number 1071 (and sometimes retrofitted to earlier instruments), the dual-triode Schmitt trigger circuit was replaced by an STD615 10 mA tunnel diode AC-coupled to the base-emitter junction of an OC171 germanium PNP transistor as a pulse amplifier.

The slower "B" timebase uses a Schmitt trigger circuit.

Vertical Signal Path

Like the 545, 551, and 555, the 585 uses two distributed amplifiers in the vertical signal path, one with seven differential 6DJ8 stages driving a helically-wound, differential delay line, followed by a five-stage differential distributed driver amplifier and a 7699 or 6939 dual tetrode power stage driving the CRT.

Unlike the other 500-series scopes, the 585 uses a CRT with distributed vertical deflection plates, the T581, enabling it to have both fast rise time and high sensitivity (~5 V/cm vertically), albeit at the cost of limiting vertical deflection to slightly over 4 cm. Total acceleration voltage is 10 kV.

Several improvements were published for the 585 circuitry, including the enhanced trigger circuit. If all of those changes are applied to a 585, it is essentially a 585A.

After serial number 2585, the back termination of the final distributed amplifier output was made adjustable. The manual says this (field-installable) modification (040-275) is "required for proper operation of plug-ins with numbers above Type 81". Non-A instruments with this termination have a front panel label reading "standardized vertical".

Power Supply

The 585 power supply is similar to other Tek scopes of the era such as the 549. A linear regulator with a 5651 reference tube, a 12AX7/6AU6 error amplifier and three parallel 12B4 series pass tubes produces −150 V. This is the only adjustable rail, all other regulated voltages are referenced to it. The +100 V and +350 V regulators use half a 6080 each as the pass element, the +225 V two. In the +500 V path, a 12B4 performs this function. The unregulated +325 V input to the 225 V regulator is used to supply the HV oscillator, a 6AU5.

A transistor-based regulator supplies a +12.6 V heater voltage to the plug-in.

A 6NO45 delay relay controls a multi-contact relay to switch supply voltages on only after the tubes are warmed up. When the main relay engages, the delay relay is cut out so it will be ready to delay again even after a quick interrupt in power input.

12.6 V power supply regulation is referenced from +100V regulated output. Since +100V is not available during the warm-up period, an unregulated +100 V (~+180 V) is fed as the reference to 12.6 V power supply during warmup period. This is cut out by the multi-contact relay post warmup.

The 585 contains a 53°C (128°F) thermal cutoff.

Semiconductors

The 585 uses semiconductor diodes as rectifiers and germanium transistors in the 12.6 V power supply, and except for unmodified instruments before SN 1070, a tunnel diode and another germanium transistor in the time base A trigger circuit.

Rackmount Versions

Rackmount versions were also made, the RM585 and RM585A.

Circuit Variants

Few of the changes across 585 and 585A
585 585A
A-Trigger SN up to 1070
  • 6EW6 Trigger comparator.
  • 6DJ8 Trigger multivibrator
  • Tunnel diode trigger
  • PNP trigger amplifier 2N2048
SN 1071 up
  • Tunnel diode trigger
  • PNP trigger amplifier OC171
Sweep Generator Standard SN 120000 up

D152/252 added to 6AL5 disconnect diodes

12.6 V Power SN up to 3762
  • Used for plug-in
  • Selenium rectifier
  • Used for plug-in and vertical amplifier heaters
  • SN 6580 up Fused
SN 3763 up
  • Used for plug-in and vertical amplifier heaters
  • Minor design changes from earlier SN
Vertical amplifier

grid/plate line fuses

SN up to 3762: No Fuse Fused
SN 3763 up: Added F1210, F1260, F1285
Delay Relay 6NO45
  • Heater power from unregulated 18 V DC
  • 33 Ω dropping resistor.
SN up to 9179
  • 6NO45
  • Heater power from unregulated 18 V DC
  • 33 Ω dropping resistor.
SN 9180 up
  • 18NO30
  • Heater power from unregulated 18 V DC
Trace Rotation Not present SN 9000 up: Added trace rotation
Final vertical power amp 6939/AX193/7699 dual tetrode 2 × 7788 Pentode
Power supply Mod None SN 9250 up: Main relay K601-4 relocated Details
SN Range not applicable for rack-mount models

Prices

  585 585A
Year 1959 1962 1963 1965 1969 1971*
mainframe only catalog $1,675 $1,725 $1,725 $1,725 $1,800 $3,325
2020** $14,890 $14,780 $14,580 $14,170 $12,690 $15,330
mainframe+80+P80 catalog $1,825 $1,875 $1,975
2020** $16,220 $16,060 $16,700
mainframe+82 catalog $2,375 $2,575 $3,325
2020** $19,500 $18,150 $21,240
mainframe+86+P6008 catalog $2,075 $2,185
2020** $17,040 $15,400
* "limited demand" instrument
** original list price corrected for inflation

Pictures

585 non-A

585 non-A Internals

585A

585A Internals

RM585A

RM585A Internals


Some Parts used in the 585

Page Class Description Used in
12AU6 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) RF pentode 112 512 575 581 585 C G K H L M Z
12AU7 Vacuum Tube (Double Triode) twin medium-μ triode 122 181 502 502A 512 547 555 575 581 581A 585 585A C D
12AX7 Vacuum Tube (Double Triode) dual triode 513 555 581 581A 585 585A E
12B4 Vacuum Tube (Triode) power triode 126 502 502A 551 555 513 581 581A 585 585A
5642 Vacuum Tube (Diode) directly-heated high-voltage rectifier 360 453 502 502A 504 506 513 515 516 533 533A 535 543 543A 543B 545 545A 545B 547 551 555 567 575 581 581A 585 585A 647
6080 Vacuum Tube (Double Triode) twin power triode 547 575 581 581A 585 585A
6939 Vacuum Tube (Double Tetrode) dual tetrode 581 585
6AL5 Vacuum Tube (Double Diode) high-perveance dual diode 181 316 317 502 502A 511 511A 516 535A 545A 581 581A 585 585A 551 Telequipment S52
6AU5 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) 10 W beam power pentode 513 531 535 541 545 581 581A 585 585A
6AU6 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) RF pentode 107 181 310 502 502A 512 513 555 575 581 581A 585 585A C CA
6CL6 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) miniature power pentode 515 524 525 531 535 581 581A 585 585A 3A74
6CY5 Vacuum Tube (Tetrode) tetrode 581 585 581A 585A
6DJ8 Vacuum Tube (Double Triode) dual triode 502 502A 503 504 515 516 519 533 535 543 544 545 546 547 549 555 556 565 581 581A 585 585A 661 2A60 2A63 3A8 1121 1A4 67 81 82 86 3B1 3B4 O Telequipment S32A Telequipment D52 Telequipment S52 Telequipment S51 Telequipment Type A
6EW6 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) pentode 132 527 581 581A 585 585A
7699 Vacuum Tube (Double Tetrode) dual tetrode 581 585
T581 CRT CRT 581 585


Some Parts used in the 585A

Page Class Description Used in
12AU7 Vacuum Tube (Double Triode) twin medium-μ triode 122 181 502 502A 512 547 555 575 581 581A 585 585A C D
12AX7 Vacuum Tube (Double Triode) dual triode 513 555 581 581A 585 585A E
12B4 Vacuum Tube (Triode) power triode 126 502 502A 551 555 513 581 581A 585 585A
5642 Vacuum Tube (Diode) directly-heated high-voltage rectifier 360 453 502 502A 504 506 513 515 516 533 533A 535 543 543A 543B 545 545A 545B 547 551 555 567 575 581 581A 585 585A 647
6080 Vacuum Tube (Double Triode) twin power triode 547 575 581 581A 585 585A
6AL5 Vacuum Tube (Double Diode) high-perveance dual diode 181 316 317 502 502A 511 511A 516 535A 545A 581 581A 585 585A 551 Telequipment S52
6AU5 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) 10 W beam power pentode 513 531 535 541 545 581 581A 585 585A
6AU6 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) RF pentode 107 181 310 502 502A 512 513 555 575 581 581A 585 585A C CA
6CL6 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) miniature power pentode 515 524 525 531 535 581 581A 585 585A 3A74
6CY5 Vacuum Tube (Tetrode) tetrode 581 585 581A 585A
6DJ8 Vacuum Tube (Double Triode) dual triode 502 502A 503 504 515 516 519 533 535 543 544 545 546 547 549 555 556 565 581 581A 585 585A 661 2A60 2A63 3A8 1121 1A4 67 81 82 86 3B1 3B4 O Telequipment S32A Telequipment D52 Telequipment S52 Telequipment S51 Telequipment Type A
6EW6 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) pentode 132 527 581 581A 585 585A
7788 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) long life, shock and vibration resistant pentode 581A 585A RM581 RM585
8426 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) RF pentode O 581A 585A
T5810 CRT CRT 581A 585A