576

From TekWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Manuals – Specifications – Links – Pictures

The Tektronix 576 is a curve tracer introduced in 1969. It uses plug-in fixture modules such as the 172 and 176.

Unlike the 570, 575 and 7CT1N, the 576 (and also the 577) provides an AC collector sweep mode.

The 576 was the first product to use Tek-made ICs. The 576's display includes readout of current, voltage, Beta, and gm. The circuitry for calculating the scales based on the switch positions was designed by Mike Metcalf and implemented in custom ICs, e.g., 155-0005-00.

Key Specifications

Collector Sweep Ranges
  • 15 V / 10 A
  • 75 V / 2 A
  • 350V / 0.5 A
  • 1500 V / 0.1 A
Collector Current Display 0.1 μA/div to 2 A/div, 1−2−5
Emitter Current Display 0.1 nA/div to 2 mA/div, 1−2−5
Collector Voltage Display 5 mV/div to 200 V/div, 1−2−5
Base Voltage Display 5 mV/div to 2 V/div, 1−2−5
Base Current Steps 200 mA to 50 nA, 1−2−5
Gate Voltage Steps 50 mV to 2 V, 1−2−5

Note that these specifications are for the 576 Standard Test Fixture. See 576 Detailed Specifications for more data.

Links

Documents Referencing 576

Document Class Title Authors Year Links
Tekscope 1969 V1 N1 Feb 1969.pdf Article Curve Tracing Displays 1969
Tekscope 1969 V1 N1 Feb 1969.pdf Article A New Dimension in Curve Tracing Jim Knapton Jerrold Rogers 1969
Tekscope 1969 V1 N5 Oct 1969.pdf Article Troubleshooting the Sweep Ciruits Charles Phillips 1969
Tekscope 1971 V3 N3 May 1971.pdf Article Evaluating Digital IC Performance Using the 576 Curve Tracer Jack Millay 1971
Tekscope 1972 V4 N3 May 1972.pdf Article Semiautomatic Testing with the Curve Tracer Jack Millay 1972
Tekscope 1975 V7 N3.pdf Article A Potpourri of Modifications and Service Hints 1975
48W-3346-3.pdf Brochure Making the Correct Semiconductor Measurements Time After Time 1982
48w-5764.pdf Brochure Features Comparison of Tektronix Curve Tracers Versus HP4145A Semiconductor Parameter Analyzer (Tek internal) Laurie Lawrence 1984

Documents Referencing Curve tracers

Document Class Title Authors Year Links
062-1009-00.pdf Book Measurement Concepts: Semiconductor Device Measurements John Mulvey 1969
Tekscope 1969 V1 N1 Feb 1969.pdf Article Curve Tracing Displays 1969
Tekscope 1969 V1 N5 Oct 1969.pdf Article Troubleshooting the Sweep Ciruits Charles Phillips 1969
Tekscope 1972 V4 N3 May 1972.pdf Article Semiautomatic Testing with the Curve Tracer Jack Millay 1972
Tektronix Curve Tracers - Device Testing Techniques.pdf Book Tektronix Curve Tracers - Device Testing Techniques 1985

Construction

Except for the CRT, the 576 is all-solid-state.

It came out during the last four production years of the Type 575, which used the then-current 500-series technology of ceramic strips for circuit tie points.

The 576 used updated construction much in the same style as that of the 453 and 454 portable oscilloscopes, using printed circuit boards. In fact, the 576 and 453 began life at about the same time.

The only reason the Type 575 remained in production was because the 176 pulsed high-current fixture had not yet been developed for the 576, and the Type 575 coupled with its Type 175 pulsed high-current fixture filled that requirement for power semiconductors.

An interesting side note is that the 453 was introduced the same year as the 576; the 453A and 454A were introduced at the same time as the 176 pulsed high-current adaptor for the 576.

The 576 is unequaled in performance and durability. In physical volume, it is smaller than the Type 575, mostly due to a cabinet that slopes downward toward the back. Its sloping front panel and sloping “front porch” where the various adaptors are installed make it much a more comfortable instrument to use.

In addition, the 576 sports an internal graticule and a larger display area. Because of the power it is able to deliver to solid-state power semiconductors under test, it is a surprisingly heavy instrument for its smaller size, and despite its solid-state design, weighs in at 70½ pounds (32 kg) vs. the 66¼ pound (30 kg) weight of the Type 575.

The HV supply for the CRT uses a 120-0612-00, 120-0612-01, or 120-0612-03 transformer.

Display and Readout

The display is large at 10 × 10 cm with an internal, parallax-free graticule. Along the right side of the CRT is an alphanumeric readout which puts the important front panel settings, where they can be photographed along with the displayed semiconductor curve.

This display is a complex unit of fiber optic light-guides driven by incandescent lamps to provide alphabetic, numeric and Greek characters. The same readout modules were used in the short-lived 5030/5031 scope series.

Given the front panel settings, the display automatically calculates beta/div using a set of Tek-made custom ICs.

The 576 was designed before the 7000-series scopes, and by a different engineering group. Surprisingly, this fiber-optic unit has not proved to be the least bit troublesome, considering all of the incandescent lamps required to implement the design. Wise operators will keep the display illumination at a lower level to prolong lamp life.

Display positioning in both the horizontal and vertical dimensions is via a switch which moves the beam a calibrated number of divisions and a potentiometer for fine control. The little brother tracer, the 577, introduced at a later date, does not have this feature.

Test Fixtures

The interface connections to the test fixtures are made through the same style of blue Amphenol 26-xxx-xx connectors used in the plug-ins on the 500-series oscilloscope line.

Uses

The collector voltage can be swept from zero to 1500 V in four ranges. For the 75 V and higher ranges, a plastic safety cover box must be installed in the test fixture and closed, otherwise a yellow warning light indicates that the collector voltage is disabled.

Because so many used 576s do not come with safety covers, some users defeat the safety interlock mechanically or electrically, which is hazardous given the lethal voltages and currents the 576 is capable of producing.

The instrument has uses other than displaying semiconductor curves. The vertical system can be adjusted for high current sensitivities in the nanoamp region and with the availability of 1500 volts and DC operation vs. collector supply sweeping, can provide measurement of capacitor leakage currents that few other instruments can achieve. This is handy for checking ceramic high voltage filter capacitors in defective supplies.

The 576 is capable of displaying curves for bipolar transistors, field-effect transistors, silicon-controlled rectifiers, triacs, diacs, diodes and rectifiers, zener diodes, tunnel diodes … nearly any semiconductor imaginable. If one constructs simple adaptors, the 576 can be used to check optocouplers and transistor arrays as well. It is capable of pouring 20 amperes through a device up to a power level of 220 watts.

The demise of the original 575 came in 1971 when the 575's companion 175 pulsed high-current unit was no longer sold, replaced by the 576 with its new 176 pulsed high-current adaptor. The 575 itself disappeared from the catalog about a year later.

Vacuum tubes can have their curves traced on a 576. This requires a fixture that provides the heater current to the tube under test. Pairs of tubes can be matched this way. Alternatively, the two triodes in a dual-triode can be compared. The Tektronix 570 (last sold around 1966) specializes in tube measurements and has a built-in heater supply for the tube under test, which makes the 570 convenient. However, with a custom fixture, the 576 can make most, if not all, of the same measurements that can be made on a 570.

The AC collector sweep mode is useful when one wants a single plot showing the behavior of a device with positive and negative voltages. For example, a zener diode typically starts conducting at a few hundred millivolts in the positive direction, but has minimal reverse conduction until the zener voltage is reached, e.g. at 6.2 volts.

On a different subject, it might be noted here that the introduction of the 576 marked the approximate time that Tektronix began moving from using the word “Type” in front of its model numbers (e.g. "Type 545B") to simply using the model number only.

Prices

Year 1969 1990
Catalog price $2,125 $18,000
In 2022 Dollars $16,920 $40,300

When production ended with its final appearance in the 1990 catalog, the sales price of the 576 had escalated to a stunning $18,040, replaced by the 370 and 371 models selling for just a little bit more.

The 576 now sells on eBay for anywhere from about $300 to over $2000, usually offered without the safety shield or any adaptors and often without the standard test fixture which sellers seem to enjoy offering separately.

Many are sold with only the 176 pulsed high-current adaptor installed. The small transistor adaptors are selling for nearly their original catalog price. On average, the 576 is being sold on the used market for about 1/12 its last catalog price – or at about half the price when it first appeared in 1969. Overall, the instrument has held its value and popularity very well.

Pictures

External

Internal

Components

Some Parts Used in the 576

Part Part Number(s) Class Description Used in
120-0610-00 120-0610-00 Discrete component power transformer 576
120-0612-00 120-0612-00 Discrete component high voltage transformer 576
151-0261-00 151-0261-00 Discrete component dual PNP transistor AM501 AM502 CG5001 CG551AP FG501 FG502 FG503 OF150 OF151 OF152 OF235 OS261 RM502A R1140 R5030 R5031 R7912 067-0679-00 067-0807-00 1101 1140A 1141 1142 1350 145 1450 1480 1481 1482 1485 1501 1801 1900 1910 1980 213 26A1 26A2 2620 285 3A9 3A10 3S1 3S2 3S5 3S6 432 434 4501 454 4601 4602 4610 4612 4620 4632 4634 4701 475 492 492A 492AP 494 494P 496 496P 5A13N 5A20N 5A21N 5A22N 5A26 5L4N 502A 5030 5031 576 690SR 7A22 7A29 7B51 7B71 7J20 7L5 7S11 7S12 7912AD
155-0004-01 155-0004-01 Monolithic integrated circuit decoder 576
155-0005-00 155-0005-00 Monolithic integrated circuit beta computer 576
155-0006-01 155-0006-00 155-0006-01 Monolithic integrated circuit beta computer 576
155-0007-01 155-0007-00 155-0007-01 Monolithic integrated circuit lamp driver 576
155-0008-01 155-0008-00 155-0008-01 Monolithic integrated circuit lamp driver 576