545

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The Tektronix Type 545 is a 30 (33) MHz scope that takes letter-series and 1-series plug-ins. It has two timebases, which allows delayed triggering.

Type 545 was introduced February 7th, 1955 along with Type 541, and superseded in 1959 by Type 545A, which was in turn superseded in 1964 by Type 545B, which was produced until 1973. Type 543, which is a 541 with 100x sweep magnifier, was introduced in 1958.

The difference between the 545A and 545 is the control ergonomics, not any major circuit design changes. The main improvement was to replace a pair of switches for the time base (8-position Time/Div and 6-position multiplier) with a single 24-position switch, freeing up front panel space for a Time Base B Trigger Mode rotary switch. Additionally, the delaying timebase on the 545A supports delays up to 10 seconds while the 545 supports delays only up to 100 milliseconds.

The older 545 uses the T54 / 5BHP2 CRT, P2 phosphor was standard. The 545A uses the T5430 CRT for which also P2 phosphor was standard. The newer 545B came with the further improved T5470 CRT (also used in the 543B, 544, 546 and 547) and P31 phosphor as standard.

Versions

There were also rack-mount versions. Types RM41 and RM45 were introduced in October 1957, Types RM41A and RM45A were introduced in May 1959 simultaneously with their bench counterparts, and the rackmount Type RM545B or R545B was introduced at the same time as Type 545B.

Clones of the 545A are the Lavoie LA-265A and Hickok 1805A. These clones were not licensed by Tektronix.

Relationship of 545B to 547

Some feel that Type 547 replaced Type 545, but this is not quite true; Types 545B and 546/547 were introduced simultaneously (1964). It is more correct to say that the 50 MHz 546 and 547 were upgrades. (Type 544 is likewise the upgrade for 541/543.)

The Type 53K/54K plug-in was introduced with the 545 and 541, and until Type 53/54L came out in 1957, it was the only plug-in that could take full advantage of their bandwidth. There was never a full-speed dual-trace plug-in — that would wait until Types 1A1 and 1A2, which came out with the 545B.

Key Specifications

Bandwidth 30 MHz (33 MHz with a 50 MHz plug-in such as Type 1A1)
     — 545B
Sweep 0.1 μs/div to 5 s/div, 1−2−5
CRT T5470-31-2, 10 kV acceleration
Probes 2 P6006 probes with BNC connectors

please add

Links

Documents Referencing 545

Documents Referencing 545A

Document Class Title Authors Year Links
IBM 223-6725-2.pdf Application Note Tektronix oscilloscopes (IBM Customer Engineering Manual) 1960

Documents Referencing 545B

Document Class Title Authors Year Links
Service Scope 44 Jun 1967.pdf Article A Practical Approach to Transistor and Vacuum Tube Amplifiers, Part 3 - A DC Analysis of a Typical Tektronix Hybrid Circuit Fred Beckett 1967

Internals

Early 545 units have selenium rectifiers. Later units have silicon rectifiers. A modification kit, 040-0395-00, converts a 545 from selenium rectifiers to silicon rectifiers.

The trigger circuit used a 6DJ8 tube in the 545 and 545A. NPN transistors are used in the 545B trigger circuit.

545 and 545A Vertical Path

Types 545 and 545A have a six stage differential distributed vertical amplifier made of twelve 6DK6 tubes. The vertical amplifier used in the 545A is also used in the 551 and 555. The 545 uses the 154-098 CRT. With the limited CRT technology available at the time, the higher bandwidth of the 541 and 545 came with a tradeoff. The vertical scale is only 4 divisions, 2 above and 2 below the graticule center line. The lower bandwidth 531/533/535 retained the 6 vertical divisions, as used in most other Tektronix scopes. Shorting the outputs of the vertical amplifier to ground can cause expensive damage by burning out the termination resistor network. Starting at Type 545A serial number 29960, there is a 150 mA fuse, F1054, to prevent that failure. This change was made available for instruments already built, in Modification Kit 040-227.

545B Vertical Path

Type 545B differs significantly from the 545 and 545A. It was designed by Dave Barton. It has a partly solid-state, non-distributed vertical amp, and uses the 154-0478-00 CRT which is also used in the 544, 546, and 547. Improvements in CRT design, including reduced deflection plate capacitance and increased sensitivity, increased the vertical scale in the 545B from 4 to 6 divisions. The improved CRT also uses a ceramic envelope, with a flat glass faceplate with internal graticule markings to eliminate parallax errors.

Links

Pictures

545

545A

RM45A

545B

RM545B

Components

Some Parts Used in the 545

Part Part Number(s) Class Description Used in
12AL5 154-0038-00 Vacuum Tube (Double Diode) high-perveance dual diode 3A2 3B2 545 545A 549 N
12AU6 154-0040-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) RF pentode 81 112 1L10 1L20 1L60 3L10 512 556 575 545 547 549 581 585 A B C G K H L ML M N O R S Z
12AU7 154-041 154-0041-00 154-0287-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual medium-μ triode 104 104A 122 160 161 162 181 190 310 310A 316 317 3C66 502 502A 507 511A 512 516 517 517A 524 526 535 536 545 545A 545B 547 549 555 561 564 570 575 581 581A 585 585A C D E N Q Hickok 1825
12AX7 154-043 154-0043-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual triode 3C66 513 524 531 531A 535 536 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 555 570 581 581A 585 585A E Q Hickok 1825
12B4 154-044 154-0044-00 Vacuum Tube (Triode) power triode 126 310 310A 316 317 502 502A 524 526 541 541A 535 535A 545 545A 546 547 570 549 551 555 513 581 581A 585 585A
12BY7A 154-047 154-0047-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) miniature 6.5 W power pentode 106 163 524 531 533 535 536 541 543 535 545 545A 549 555 75 3A75 3B5
5642 154-0051-00 154-0079-00 Vacuum Tube (Diode) directly-heated high-voltage rectifier 310 310A 316 317 360 453 502 502A 503 504 506 513 515 516 524 529 RM529 533 533A 535 536 543 543A 543B 545 545A 545B 547 551 555 556 560 561 561A 561S 564 567 570 575 581 581A 585 585A 647 647A
5651 154-052 154-0052-00 154-0288-00 Gas Discharge Tube (Voltage regulator) 87 V voltage reference 128 160 310 310A 502 503 504 511A 512 516 517 524 526 531 531A 535 536 541 541A 543 543A 543B 545 545A 545B 570 549 581 581A 585 585A
5BHP 154-0142-00 154-152 154-0409-00 154-409 154-0106-00 154-106 154-0098-00 154-098 154-0099-00 154-099 154-0104-00 154-104 CRT 5" CRT 541 545
6080 154-0056-00 154-0315-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual power triode 132 160 316 317 516 535 535A RM35A 541 541A 535 536 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 565 567 575 581 581A 585 585A
6AL5 154-016 154-0016-00 154-0038-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Diode) high-perveance dual diode 163 181 190 1M1 310 310A 315 316 317 3B1 3B1S 3B2 3B3 3B5 502 502A 503 511 511A 512 516 517 517A 524 526 535 535A 545 545A 549 551 565 570 581 581A 585 585A C T Telequipment D56 Telequipment S52
6AU5 154-021 154-0021-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) 10 W beam power pentode 507 513 516 517 517A 531 535 541 535 545 547 581 581A 585 585A
6AU6 154-0022-00 157-0073-00 157-0059-00 154-0284-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) RF pentode 107 160 181 190 60 2A60 72 3A72 3C66 310 310A 316 317 360 502 502A 506 511 511A 512 513 516 517 517A 524 526 529 RM529 531 531A 535 536 545 545A 546 547 549 555 561 561A 561S 564 565 567 570 575 581 581A 585 585A 80 C CA Q
6AW8 154-0095-00 Vacuum Tube (Triode/Pentode) triode-pentode combo 132 160 541 535 545
6BQ7A 154-028 154-0028-00 157-0022-00 157-0003-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual triode 107 163 181 310 315 316 360 524 531 532 535 536 541 545 570 T
6CB6A 154-0030-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) pentode 105 112 316 317 503 504 513 517 517A 541 535 545 63 2A63
6CL6 154-031 154-0031-00 154-0286-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) 7.5 W power pentode 132 310 310A 316 317 515 524 525 531 535 535A 545 545A 545B 549 570 581 581A 585 585A 3A74
6DJ8 154-0187-00 154-0305-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual triode 132 161 310A 316 317 502 502A 503 504 506 515 516 519 526 529 RM529 533 535 536 543 544 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 555 556 561A 561S 564 565 567 581 581A 585 585A 661 1A4 1S1 60 2A60 63 2A63 67 2B67 3A1 3A1S 3A2 3A3 3A6 3A7 72 3A72 75 3A75 4S2 51 3B1 3B1S 3B2 3B3 3B4 3M1 3S76 3T77 3T77A 9A1 9A2 1121 80 81 82 86 B O W Z Telequipment D56 Telequipment S32A Telequipment D52 S-311 Telequipment TD51 Telequipment S52 Telequipment S51 Telequipment Type A TU-4
6DK6 154-0149-00 154-0367-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) high-frequency miniature pentode 180 503 513 514 541 543 535 545 545A 551 555
6U8 154-0033-00 Vacuum Tube (Triode/Pentode) triode-pentode combo 130 160 163 310 315 316 524 535 545 T
T54 154-0098-00 154-0099-00 154-0104-00 154-0105-00 154-0106-00 154-0142-00 CRT CRT 541 545


Some Parts Used in the RM45


Some Parts Used in the 545A

Part Part Number(s) Class Description Used in
12AL5 154-0038-00 Vacuum Tube (Double Diode) high-perveance dual diode 3A2 3B2 545 545A 549 N
12AU7 154-041 154-0041-00 154-0287-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual medium-μ triode 104 104A 122 160 161 162 181 190 310 310A 316 317 3C66 502 502A 507 511A 512 516 517 517A 524 526 535 536 545 545A 545B 547 549 555 561 564 570 575 581 581A 585 585A C D E N Q Hickok 1825
12AX7 154-043 154-0043-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual triode 3C66 513 524 531 531A 535 536 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 555 570 581 581A 585 585A E Q Hickok 1825
12B4 154-044 154-0044-00 Vacuum Tube (Triode) power triode 126 310 310A 316 317 502 502A 524 526 541 541A 535 535A 545 545A 546 547 570 549 551 555 513 581 581A 585 585A
12BY7A 154-047 154-0047-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) miniature 6.5 W power pentode 106 163 524 531 533 535 536 541 543 535 545 545A 549 555 75 3A75 3B5
5642 154-0051-00 154-0079-00 Vacuum Tube (Diode) directly-heated high-voltage rectifier 310 310A 316 317 360 453 502 502A 503 504 506 513 515 516 524 529 RM529 533 533A 535 536 543 543A 543B 545 545A 545B 547 551 555 556 560 561 561A 561S 564 567 570 575 581 581A 585 585A 647 647A
5651 154-052 154-0052-00 154-0288-00 Gas Discharge Tube (Voltage regulator) 87 V voltage reference 128 160 310 310A 502 503 504 511A 512 516 517 524 526 531 531A 535 536 541 541A 543 543A 543B 545 545A 545B 570 549 581 581A 585 585A
6080 154-0056-00 154-0315-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual power triode 132 160 316 317 516 535 535A RM35A 541 541A 535 536 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 565 567 575 581 581A 585 585A
6AL5 154-016 154-0016-00 154-0038-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Diode) high-perveance dual diode 163 181 190 1M1 310 310A 315 316 317 3B1 3B1S 3B2 3B3 3B5 502 502A 503 511 511A 512 516 517 517A 524 526 535 535A 545 545A 549 551 565 570 581 581A 585 585A C T Telequipment D56 Telequipment S52
6AU6 154-0022-00 157-0073-00 157-0059-00 154-0284-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) RF pentode 107 160 181 190 60 2A60 72 3A72 3C66 310 310A 316 317 360 502 502A 506 511 511A 512 513 516 517 517A 524 526 529 RM529 531 531A 535 536 545 545A 546 547 549 555 561 561A 561S 564 565 567 570 575 581 581A 585 585A 80 C CA Q
6CL6 154-031 154-0031-00 154-0286-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) 7.5 W power pentode 132 310 310A 316 317 515 524 525 531 535 535A 545 545A 545B 549 570 581 581A 585 585A 3A74
6DJ8 154-0187-00 154-0305-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual triode 132 161 310A 316 317 502 502A 503 504 506 515 516 519 526 529 RM529 533 535 536 543 544 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 555 556 561A 561S 564 565 567 581 581A 585 585A 661 1A4 1S1 60 2A60 63 2A63 67 2B67 3A1 3A1S 3A2 3A3 3A6 3A7 72 3A72 75 3A75 4S2 51 3B1 3B1S 3B2 3B3 3B4 3M1 3S76 3T77 3T77A 9A1 9A2 1121 80 81 82 86 B O W Z Telequipment D56 Telequipment S32A Telequipment D52 S-311 Telequipment TD51 Telequipment S52 Telequipment S51 Telequipment Type A TU-4
6DK6 154-0149-00 154-0367-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) high-frequency miniature pentode 180 503 513 514 541 543 535 545 545A 551 555
8426 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) RF pentode O 545A 547 549 581A 585A
NE-2 150-002 150-0002-00 Gas Discharge Tube (Neon lamp) Neon lamp 511 511A 581 581A 585 585A 545A TU-4
T5430 154-0175-00 154-0758-00 154-0183-00 CRT 5" CRT 541A 543 543A 545A


Some Parts Used in the 545B

Part Part Number(s) Class Description Used in
120-0308-00 120-0308-00 Discrete component high voltage transformer 543B 544 545B 546 547
120-0344-00 120-0344-00 Discrete component power transformer 545B
12AU7 154-041 154-0041-00 154-0287-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual medium-μ triode 104 104A 122 160 161 162 181 190 310 310A 316 317 3C66 502 502A 507 511A 512 516 517 517A 524 526 535 536 545 545A 545B 547 549 555 561 564 570 575 581 581A 585 585A C D E N Q Hickok 1825
12AX7 154-043 154-0043-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual triode 3C66 513 524 531 531A 535 536 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 555 570 581 581A 585 585A E Q Hickok 1825
5642 154-0051-00 154-0079-00 Vacuum Tube (Diode) directly-heated high-voltage rectifier 310 310A 316 317 360 453 502 502A 503 504 506 513 515 516 524 529 RM529 533 533A 535 536 543 543A 543B 545 545A 545B 547 551 555 556 560 561 561A 561S 564 567 570 575 581 581A 585 585A 647 647A
5651 154-052 154-0052-00 154-0288-00 Gas Discharge Tube (Voltage regulator) 87 V voltage reference 128 160 310 310A 502 503 504 511A 512 516 517 524 526 531 531A 535 536 541 541A 543 543A 543B 545 545A 545B 570 549 581 581A 585 585A
6080 154-0056-00 154-0315-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual power triode 132 160 316 317 516 535 535A RM35A 541 541A 535 536 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 565 567 575 581 581A 585 585A
6CL6 154-031 154-0031-00 154-0286-00 Vacuum Tube (Pentode) 7.5 W power pentode 132 310 310A 316 317 515 524 525 531 535 535A 545 545A 545B 549 570 581 581A 585 585A 3A74
6DJ8 154-0187-00 154-0305-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual triode 132 161 310A 316 317 502 502A 503 504 506 515 516 519 526 529 RM529 533 535 536 543 544 545 545A 545B 546 547 549 555 556 561A 561S 564 565 567 581 581A 585 585A 661 1A4 1S1 60 2A60 63 2A63 67 2B67 3A1 3A1S 3A2 3A3 3A6 3A7 72 3A72 75 3A75 4S2 51 3B1 3B1S 3B2 3B3 3B4 3M1 3S76 3T77 3T77A 9A1 9A2 1121 80 81 82 86 B O W Z Telequipment D56 Telequipment S32A Telequipment D52 S-311 Telequipment TD51 Telequipment S52 Telequipment S51 Telequipment Type A TU-4
7119 154-0340-00 Vacuum Tube (Dual Triode) dual triode 067-0532-00 191 3A3 3B4 3B5 516 545B 549 661 Chemtrix 205
T5470 154-0429-00 154-0450-00 154-0451-00 154-0452-00 154-0457-00 154-0458-00 154-0459-00 154-0478-00 154-0478-01 154-0478-02 154-0478-03 154-0568-00 154-0568-01 154-0568-02 154-0568-03 CRT 5" electrostatic deflection CRT 543B 544 545B 546 547


Some Parts Used in the RM545B